March 2015 marks the 125th anniversary of the Forth Rail Bridge. Currently awaiting the outcome of a UNESCO World Heritage site nomination, there is little doubt that the Forth Rail Bridge’s iconic status extends far beyond Scotland.
However, the Forth Rail Bridge may have looked very different.
In 1879 during a dreadful storm, the navigation spans collapsed on the Tay Bridge. A train had been crossing the bridge at the time and over 70 lives were lost. The Tay Bridge had been designed by Thomas Bouch, the engineer employed on the new Forth Rail Bridge and so, a decision was made to halt construction on the Bridge only shortly after it had begun.
To allay the fears of the public in the wake of the Tay disaster the revised structure of the Forth Bridge was designed to be both visually impressive and enormously strong. Work restarted on a new cantilever design by Sir John Fowler and Sir Benjamin Baker.
The creation of the monumental structure came at a heavy price. In addition to the high economic cost of roughly £2.5 million, more than 60 men lost their lives whilst working on the bridge. Our latest Capital Collections exhibition includes material from our Libraries’ collections and also from the Queensferry Museum. Browse awe-inspiring pictures of the Bridge in mid-construction, views from high amongst the girders and photos of some of the men who risked their lives to realise this feat of Victorian engineering.
Are you interested in finding out more about the history of your family, area or business?
Well you’re in luck. We’re hosting a series of drop-in sessions where you can pick the brains of a city archivist.
Learn how archives can help you find out more about the history of your family, business, neighbourhood or whatever it is you want to investigate.
The sessions take place in the Edinburgh and Scottish Collection within Central Library on the last Mondays of February, March, April and May from 10.30am – 12.30pm.
There’s no need to book, just turn up on the day. If this time is not suitable, email us on firstname.lastname@example.org or call 0131 529 4616.
The following post originally appeared on Lothian Lives
As part of the Explore Your Archive campaign 2014 Edinburgh City Archives are once again having a ‘story box’ on show to give you an idea of the kinds of records we keep and make available. Inside you will find snippets of information on the likes of Policemen, Army Recruits, Criminals, William Burke, Aliens and Disappearing Dukes!
If you fancy delving into the story box you will find one in the Edinburgh and Scottish Collection within Central Library on George IV Bridge, as well as one in the City Chambers main reception, on the High Street (opposite St Giles Cathedral).
The boxes will be available to look through from Monday 10th November through to Monday 17th November 2014. You will also be able to take away one of our general leaflets which gives you a bit more information on what we are all about, as well as our contact details so you can get in touch.
Happy exploring, we hope you enjoy…
As the 50th anniversary of the opening of the Forth Road Bridge approaches our latest exhibition on Capital Collections looks back at the construction of the original Forth Road Bridge.
A category ‘A’ listed structure and vital transport artery for the country, the bridge was one of the most ambitious civil engineering projects in Scottish history and has cemented itself as an iconic point on the skyline of the city.
Construction began in September 1958 and it took 6 years to complete the structure which includes 39,000 tonnes of steel and 115,000 cubic metres of concrete. The bridge is 2,517 metres long, making it the longest suspension bridge outside of the US and fourth longest in the world at the time of its completion. Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the bridge on 4th September 1964.
In its first year, the Forth Road Bridge carried 2.5 million vehicles and opened up a vital transport route between the capital and north-eastern Scotland. The number of vehicles and passengers using the bridge has grown year on year far beyond the projections of the engineers in the 50s. Corrosion to the major wires of the bridge was found in 2005 due to the increased number of vehicles using the route and the changes in regulations of modern haulage vehicles. Measures were taken to stall the decomposition of the steel including dehumidifying the cables and replacing steel beams under the bridge bed. After this discovery it was decided that a second road crossing, The Queensferry Crossing, would be built to accommodate trade and private traffic while the existing bridge will be used exclusively for public transport and buses. The new bridge is expected to open to traffic in 2016.
Browse the Capital Collections exhibition to see more amazing pictures from our archive of the Forth Road Bridge under construction.
You may also be interested in ‘The Forth Bridges Scrapbook‘, a new and growing website where you can explore and create ‘digital scrapbooks’ of material and memories of the bridges.
Whether you went to school in Edinburgh or not, you can’t help but be aware of the city’s long educational history. Its streets are lined with buildings that were involved in Edinburgh’s educational past. In the latest Our Town Story we investigate the history of schools in the Capital and discover the hidden past of some of the city’s buildings.
Find out how Edinburgh has one of the oldest schools in the world and where the poor were educated in the early eighteenth century. Learn about the intriguing monotorial system and the Ragged Schools Movement. See which schools haven’t survived and which are still around today.
Our Town Stories provides a unique, interactive look at Edinburgh’s history. It blends images, maps and information from the collections of Edinburgh Libraries into online stories about the city’s places, people and events that appeal to both young and old. Log on today to see what you can find!
Festival time is once again upon us and the streets of Edinburgh are awash with flyers, posters and other promotional material.
Instead of throwing away those leaflets and programmes we’re asking you to hand them into the Central Library so they can be added to the Edinburgh and Scottish Collection‘s outstanding collection of theatre and Festival memorabilia.
The Edinburgh and Scottish Collection is the place to find out more about the history of Edinburgh and its festivals.
It’s also the perfect location to come in to for some peaceful contemplation before heading back out into the chaos!
Our latest story on Our Town Stories describes the impact of World War One on the people at home.
Find out about the zeppelin raid, the Gretna Rail Disaster, the city’s footballing heroes, recuperating war poets and pioneering female doctor, Elsie Inglis.
The war that was meant to be over by Christmas lasted over four years and touched the lives of all communities across Britain.
If you’re interested in discovering more about World War One, Edinburgh Libraries has many more resources for research and reflection. We’ve created a new page on our Your Library website where you can explore a growing collection of material related to the conflict.